An Assessment of Sikh Turban’s Head Protection in Bicycle Incident Scenarios

Organisations: Imperial College London & the Sikh Scientists Network

Date of Publication: February 2024

Uploaded to Knowledge Centre: 21 May 2024

Due to religious tenets, Sikh population wear turbans and are exempted from wearing helmets in several countries. However, the extent of protection provided by turbans against head injuries during head impacts remains untested.

One aim of this study was to provide the first-series data of turbans’ protective performance under impact conditions that are representative of real-world bicycle incidents and compare it with the performance of bicycle helmets. Another aim was to suggest potential ways for improving turban’s protective performance.

Download the report (open access) via the Springer Link website: